Posted by: Skin and Cancer Institute in Uncategorized

What Is Eczema?

Eczema is a rash-like skin condition that’s common in children but can occur at any age. It usually shows up on the ankles, elbows, face, hands, knees, and neck. It’s red, and it’s dry. It itches.

What Causes It?

An overactive immune system causes eczema. This overactivity produces more inflammation than usual. People with eczema might have a gene variation that makes their skin more susceptible to irritants and allergens. It’s important to know the things that trigger eczema and how to avoid them.

7 Types Of Eczema

  • 1. Atopic dermatitis—the most common form of eczema, especially among children.
  • 2. Contact dermatitis—caused by skin contact with allergens or irritants.
  • 3. Dyshidrotic eczema—water-filled blisters on hands and feet.
  • 4. Neurodermatitis—can cause a cycle of itching and scratching until thickened skin develops.
  • 5. Nummular eczema—round spots often mistaken for other skin conditions
  • 6. Seborrheic dermatitis—develops on areas of skin with numerous oil glands like face, scalp, armpits, groin, and back.
  • 7. Stasis dermatitis—often affects the legs of older adults. Poor circulation is usually the culprit.

You Can Treat Eczema From The Outside

Topical spray, lotion, creams, and ointments are all examples of ways you can treat eczema externally. Triamcinolone and hydrocortisone come in many topical forms. They help reduce inflammation. They also strengthen the skin barrier. They can be used alone or with other treatments.

Treating Eczema From The Inside

Oral or injected medication can help you treat eczema internally. These include cyclosporine and methotrexate. They encourage the immune system to reduce inflammation.

But, they are only recommended in extreme situations for a short period of time.

Biologics

Biologics are injectable treatments from living organisms (this includes human DNA). They target the overactive immune system to decrease inflammation. One example is Interleukin inhibitors.

When Eczema Keeps You Awake At Night

The cycle of itching and scratching can make for a poor nights’ sleep. If this is affecting you or someone you love, it’s time to see a doctor.

If You Have A Skin Infection

If you see red streaks in your skin or if it becomes scabbed or pus-filled, it’s time to call the doctor.

If Home Remedies Fail

Sometimes home remedies fail despite our best efforts. This is another point at which it’s best to seek professional help.

See An Eczema Specialist

If you are distressed because of your eczema, take our advice: see a dermatologist. They are eczema specialists who know this condition. They’re trained to diagnose and treat all seven types of eczema.

Whether you have severe eczema on your hands, knuckles, or another part of your body, it can itch and feel uncomfortable. Avoiding eczema triggers can help relieve symptoms. Our board-certified dermatologists are available to help diagnose and treat your eczema. Call us today to schedule an appointment.