How does pigmentation begin? Pigmentation or hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin darkens in patches or on a widespread basis. Pigmentation and hyperpigmentation can be the result of a combination of factors including hormones, sun exposure, inflammation, damage to the skin, and certain medications. When melanin or pigment is in overdrive and produced in excess from melanocytes, individuals begin to see these patches of pigment or dark spots on the skin.
Types of Pigmentation
Pigmentation can take various forms. Discoloration can be the result of:
- Sun spots and freckles can be seen after chronic sun exposure. This is usually seen on the hands and face.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is basically inflammation caused by acne or picking at pimples, creating trauma on the skin. There is an increase in pigmentation as a result.
- Widespread Pigmentation can be the result of medical conditions such as Addison disease or dermatological ones such as Lichen Planus.
- Melasma is brown discoloration that forms in patches in the cheeks, upper lip/moustache area and forehead. It can be caused by hormones, birth control pills, and related to pregnancy as well.
Cosmetic Treatments for Pigmentation Available
Chemical peels that are gentle or low level in nature along with laser therapy can resolve hyperpigmentation issues.
Prescribed topical and oral medications may also be of benefit. This should be customized for you by your board-certified dermatologist.
Laser Treatments and Light Therapy
With multiple sessions of laser and light treatments, you can significantly minimize the appearance of unwanted pigmentation of the skin, especially on your face. Certain types of light treatments are more appropriate for sun freckles and skin rejuvenation, while others target sun damage and specific discoloration.
For example, photofacial therapy is a mild form of light therapy and is extremely popular for resolving pigmentation concerns. The procedure works in short, intense blasts of light to refine the skin’s tone while creating firmer and younger looking skin.
Other laser treatments are also available including the Fractional C02 laser which is more intense and effective for skin resurfacing. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a laser treatment that treats acne scars, rosacea, rashes and hyperpigmentation. PDT therapy treats melasma, age spots and sun damage specifically.
Acne is a very common skin condition that affects individuals of all skin types, and often leads to scarring and hyperpigmentation if not treated properly.
What Causes Acne?
When the dead skin collects on the surface of your face or body, hormones stimulate the production of sebum. This leads to the formation of white heads and black heads called comedone. What happens next? Acne bacteria eat at the sebum causing inflammation. Inflammatory papules can turn into cystic acne and pustular acne. The end result is
of acne is scarring, hyperpigmentation and damaged skin.
Many people think that acne can be the result of not cleaning or cleansing your skin enough. While oil, makeup, and dirt can contribute to acne, hormones and genetics play a bigger role in the etiology of acne.
Different Types of Acne
- Comedonal Acne
- Inflammatory Acne
- Hormonal Acne
- Nodulocystic Acne
For the above types of acne, topical medication may be recommended such as Benzoyl Peroxide (BPO) or topical retinoid. Prescription antibiotics may be prescribed if one has inflammatory acne. For more severe and prolonged acne, an oral medication may be needed in addition to a topical one.
Contact our practice to be seen by a board-certified dermatologist and treat your minor or severe acne symptoms.
Several types of scars can result from trauma, injury, a burn, acne, or a skin condition. For example, a burn injury can lead to a contracture scar. A keloid scar could result from from a cut, wound or other injury. A surgical scar, piercing or tattoo could also cause a keloid to form. When the skin is injured, thick tissue forms around it causing the scar to be larger than the injury.
Skin and Cancer Institute offers scar removal procedures including cortisone injections, silicone dioxide gel, cryotherapy liquid nitrogen, microdermabrasion, microneedling, facial peel and laser treatments.
We utilize lasers such as PDT photodynamic therapy, Fractional C02 laser, and a pulse dye laser called VBeam Perfecta.
If you are interested in having your scar removed efficiently, call us to schedule your consultation and see which treatment method is the best fit for your skin.
Today’s news is on healthy eating and how it can help with Psoriasis. Although you might not see a connection, psoriasis and healthy are more connected than you think. There are certain diets that may help your Psoriasis.
There are different treatments plan when it comes to treating psoriasis and no one treatment plan works for everyone. Dermatologist recommend following a healthy, well-balanced diet. Healthy eating can lead to less psoriasis on your skin, decrease the severity of your psoriasis and make psoriasis medication more effective. If you have seen any of the following below on your body, please be sure to contact our office.
Psoriasis causes patches of thick red skin and silvery scales. Patches are typically found on the elbows, knees, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of feet, but can affect other places (fingernails, toenails, and mouth). The most common type of psoriasis is called plaque psoriasis.
Always talk to your provider before changing your diet. If you have questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to give our office a call or schedule an appointment today. Our providers are trained and skilled in treating all skin type conditions and we would be happy to treat you.
Various skin growths can become worrisome or alarming at first glance. Routine skin examinations by experienced professionals, specifically skin care specialists like board-certified dermatologists and skin cancer surgeons should be consulted with. At Skin and Cancer Institute, we pride ourselves in having the most trained, knowledgeable and experienced staff, nurses, surgeons and dermatologists by your side.
Whether you are removing a lipoma for cosmetic reasons or removing a skin tag or cyst, Skin and Cancer Institute’s team can perform your treatment. You may be wondering what a lipoma is. A fatty lump that grows between the skin and muscle is a lipoma. During lipoma treatments, the ball of fat can be removed by surgery, steroid injection or liposuction. Depending on the size and location of the lipoma, earlier removal may be suggested and warranted. These fatty lumps look like balls and are not harmful or cancerous in general. However, because lipomas can grow rather rapidly, there is a risk of damage to the surrounding skin tissue. If a person waits too long to remove or treat the lipoma, a scar may remain. This can also occur if the lipoma is rather large in size. Lipomas can become bothersome in size and even cause pain.
Keloid scars can result from cuts, puncture wounds, serious acne, tattoos, piercings and more. When your skin sustains an injury, the body automatically tries to repairs the damaged cells. In doing so, a scar forms and scar tissue can continue to grow after the wound has healed. A keloid is the scar tissue that becomes raised on the skin after a skin injury. An individual dealing with scars of any sort may want it removed for either cosmetic reasons or medical concern.
How Dermatologists Remove Keloid Scars
To minimize a keloid scar, with maximum efficiency because there is a risk of recurrence, the practitioner dermatologist will try to soften and flatten the keloid and shrink it in size as well. This is accomplished by a variety of methods including the following:
- A corticosteroid injection can help reduce the size of the keloid.
- You can freeze the scar by cryotherapy, a procedure most effective on smaller keloids.
- Laser treatments can be utilized to make the keloid scar flatter.
- The dermatologic surgeon can surgically remove the scar by cutting and excising it. This procedure yields fast results. However, surgery may cause the keloid to reoccur by triggering trauma to the skin yet again.
If you or a loved one are struggling with a keloid scar, hypertrophic scar, contracture scar or acne scar, Skin and Cancer Institute’s team of professional surgeons and dermatologists are at your service and disposal.
At Skin and Cancer Institute, our board-certified dermatologists frequently see patients in all ages and stages of life struggling with various types of skin rashes that can range in severity and duration. For example, a prominent type of skin rash is known as atopic dermatitis. Atopic Dermatitis is a prevalent form of eczema and a pestering skin condition that causes its victims to itch and deal with ongoing redness, dryness and irritation. Eczema or atopic dermatitis can have multiple causes although it is difficult to diagnose a single cause. It is known to result from infections, heat, allergens, and a weak or compromised immune system. Such skin rashes can be seen in newborn babies, toddlers and even adults both young and elderly.
Risks of Not Being Examined by a Dermatologist
It is not uncommon for a baby’s pediatrician, for example, to misdiagnose a rash on a baby. The proper avenue for a correct diagnosis is to be seen by a skin care expert, a licensed and trained dermatologist. For example, a pediatrician may notice a red itchy rash and proclaim a diagnosis of seborrhea based on the presence of dry skin elsewhere including on the scalp which is commonly referred to as “cradle cap.” This diagnosis although well intentioned may lead a first-time mom to question where she should continue breastfeeding as seborrhea can be caused by hormones while eczema is an auto immune response. Rather than going down a rabbit hole of guessing, to administer timely and effective treatment but also to protect the patient, a dermatologist would be able to identify and diagnose the skin rash or condition. The similarities in appearance, texture, scaliness and dryness of the various rashes can coincide making self-diagnosis and self-treatment futile. Be sure to be examined by a board-certified dermatologist for a skin rash that does not go away.
The varying scale of damage and the duration of rashes are ultimately linked to the diagnosis and cause. This is why a verified diagnosis by a board-certified dermatologist is critical to proper treatments. As always, it is better to know for certain exactly what category the rash falls into. There are numerous categories of rashes which require different treatments including but not limited to the following:
- Heat rash
- Swimmer’s itch
Contact our practice today to schedule your consultation to see a licensed and experienced dermatologist to help identify and treat your skin condition if you are struggling with a skin rash.
The exact cause of skin tags remains unknown. It appears that skin tag develop due to friction around the skin, as tags usually develop in skin folds. Skin tags are the compilation of blood vessels surrounded by an outer layer of skin. While skin tags are not dangerous, they can be removed for cosmetic reasons.
The result of various studies indicate a strong presumption that the human papillomavirus (HPV) may be a factor and cause of skin tag development. Also, insulin resistance has been found to play a role because because with such resistance don’t absorb glucose efficiently. While skin tags may also result from pregnancy and hormonal changes in a woman’s body, the condition is not contagious.
It is best to have a board-certified dermatologist evaluate your skin tags. Sometimes skin tags may resemble warts or moles. A visual examination will help assess the concern and if removal is necessary, a biopsy will be performed.
How are Skin Tags Removed by a Licensed Dermatologist
Only a trained board-certified dermatologist in dealing with this delicate skin should attempt to remove skin tags. Never attempt to remove skin tags on your own. At Skin and Cancer Institute, the following treatments are available in removing skin tags:
- Scalpel Removal
- Laser Treatment
Contact our practice today to schedule your consultation with a dermatologist for evaluation and an assessment.
Our board-certified dermatologists and team of licensed nurses are trained in providing unique dermatologic treatments for various skin conditions. From treating unwanted blemishes and other concerns like pigmentation, Rosacea, warts, moles, cysts, skin tags, Skin and Cancer Institute can offer appropriate treatments targeting your particular needs.
Cosmetic Procedures for the Face & Body
We also offer our patients living in Las Vegas, Nevada pristine laser therapies, non-surgical facial fillers, Botox, chemical peels and more. Whether it is a cosmetic enhancement without surgical intervention or more intense changes to the body are desired, our practice offers something for everyone.
Cosmetic treatments include facial rejuvenation, body sculpting to eliminate cellulite and unwanted fat, acne and scar treatment and more. Tattoo removal, spray tanning and laser hair removal are also services we provide.
Contact our Las Vegas practice for all your dermatology and cosmetic needs.
Residents in Phoenix, Arizona can benefit from cosmetic, laser and surgical procedures offered by our board-certified dermatologists. From skin issues such as psoriasis, eczema, rosacea to the treatment and removal of skin cancerous tumors, our doctors offer services tailored to each patient’s unique needs.
If you live in Phoenix, it is very likely that you have sun exposure that may be harmful, especially if your skin is not protected by gear or SPF. The summer months with high heat temperatures doesn’t help either. Currently, the month of September has seen high temperatures exceeding 100 degrees. This is very dangerous heat and sun exposure to residents of Phoenix. Many patients find themselves being at risk for skin cancer or precancerous skin lesions as well as other harmful growths that evolve if in the sun for lengthy periods of time.
Skin Cancer Variations
Basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, merkel cell carcinoma and sebaceous carcinoma are types of skin cancer treated by board-certified dermatologists. Each type of carcinoma spreads and affects the body differently. For example, merkel cell carcinoma can affect nerve endings and thereby infiltrate the lymph nodes, brain, bones, and lungs. Melanoma by contrast, is the result of a pigmentation mutation called melanin. The cells can mutate causing skin cancer.
Our dermatologists and skin cancer surgeons can help alleviate your concerns. Examination and detection are very important to your timely treatment.