How does pigmentation begin? Pigmentation or hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin darkens in patches or on a widespread basis. Pigmentation and hyperpigmentation can be the result of a combination of factors including hormones, sun exposure, inflammation, damage to the skin, and certain medications. When melanin or pigment is in overdrive and produced in excess from melanocytes, individuals begin to see these patches of pigment or dark spots on the skin.
Types of Pigmentation
Pigmentation can take various forms. Discoloration can be the result of:
- Sun spots and freckles can be seen after chronic sun exposure. This is usually seen on the hands and face.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is basically inflammation caused by acne or picking at pimples, creating trauma on the skin. There is an increase in pigmentation as a result.
- Widespread Pigmentation can be the result of medical conditions such as Addison disease or dermatological ones such as Lichen Planus.
- Melasma is brown discoloration that forms in patches in the cheeks, upper lip/moustache area and forehead. It can be caused by hormones, birth control pills, and related to pregnancy as well.
Cosmetic Treatments for Pigmentation Available
Chemical peels that are gentle or low level in nature along with laser therapy can resolve hyperpigmentation issues.
Prescribed topical and oral medications may also be of benefit. This should be customized for you by your board-certified dermatologist.
Laser Treatments and Light Therapy
With multiple sessions of laser and light treatments, you can significantly minimize the appearance of unwanted pigmentation of the skin, especially on your face. Certain types of light treatments are more appropriate for sun freckles and skin rejuvenation, while others target sun damage and specific discoloration.
For example, photofacial therapy is a mild form of light therapy and is extremely popular for resolving pigmentation concerns. The procedure works in short, intense blasts of light to refine the skin’s tone while creating firmer and younger looking skin.
Other laser treatments are also available including the Fractional C02 laser which is more intense and effective for skin resurfacing. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a laser treatment that treats acne scars, rosacea, rashes and hyperpigmentation. PDT therapy treats melasma, age spots and sun damage specifically.
Many of us have heard the word Botox hundreds of times, if not more. Botox is an injection that enhances the cosmetic appearance of an individual. Botox works by minimizing and diminishing the appearance of frown lines and fine lines that can be found on the forehead, around the eyebrows, between the eyebrows and around the eyes when you smile.
Your board-certified dermatologist can perform this cosmetic procedure that takes only a few minutes. The precise location of each injection would be mapped out by the doctor directly on your face. No anesthesia is necessary for this cosmetic treatment. Once the Botox is applied to the target areas, you will begin to notice results almost immediately.
During the treatment, the patient may feel a slight pinch only while the Botox is being injected. Afterwards, there may be side effects such as swelling and/or bruising depending on the patient’s individual sensitivities. Typically, any swelling disappears within one hour of the treatment. Patients can resume their daily activities immediately. You will notice a new and rejuvenated look to your skin- one that is with minimal or no fine lines- depending on your desired outcome.
Contact Skin and Cancer Institute today to schedule your consultation for Botox. Our Westwood practice, offers a full range of cosmetic treatments that can be selected from. Many patients opt to undergo Botox and facial fillers at the same appointment.
Sclerotherapy is a treatment that is popular with those who would like to eliminate unsightly veins in their legs, but what exactly is sclerotherapy?
What can Sclerotherapy treat?
Sclerotherapy helps reduce the appearance of veins in the skin, such as varicose veins and spider veins. Besides improving vein appearance, sclerotherapy can also help improve symptoms of damaged veins such as aching, swelling, burning, night cramps, or other pains caused by damaged veins. The most common areas of treatment are the legs and feet.
How does Sclerotherapy work?
Sclerotherapy starts with our provider injecting a solution directly into the damaged vein. The solution then causes the blood vessel to painlessly reduce in size and fade away, allowing blood to flow through healthy veins. In a few minutes, you’ll witness a reduction in the size of the damaged veins, allowing for smoother legs and feet. The treatment generally continues working for few weeks, resulting in a long-term improvement of the affected areas.
Is Sclerotherapy safe?
Sclerotherapy is a procedure that has been in use and refined for over 100 years. As such, it is considered a safe procedure. Additionally, sclerotherapy is less invasive than surgery and does not require any anesthesia. Sclerotherapy also has almost zero downtime, so you’ll be able to walk a few minutes after the procedure and go back to normal activities on the same day.
Ready to get started with your Sclerotherapy treatment? Call us at (888) 993-3761 today!
Acne is a very common skin condition that affects individuals of all skin types, and often leads to scarring and hyperpigmentation if not treated properly.
What Causes Acne?
When the dead skin collects on the surface of your face or body, hormones stimulate the production of sebum. This leads to the formation of white heads and black heads called comedone. What happens next? Acne bacteria eat at the sebum causing inflammation. Inflammatory papules can turn into cystic acne and pustular acne. The end result is
of acne is scarring, hyperpigmentation and damaged skin.
Many people think that acne can be the result of not cleaning or cleansing your skin enough. While oil, makeup, and dirt can contribute to acne, hormones and genetics play a bigger role in the etiology of acne.
Different Types of Acne
- Comedonal Acne
- Inflammatory Acne
- Hormonal Acne
- Nodulocystic Acne
For the above types of acne, topical medication may be recommended such as Benzoyl Peroxide (BPO) or topical retinoid. Prescription antibiotics may be prescribed if one has inflammatory acne. For more severe and prolonged acne, an oral medication may be needed in addition to a topical one.
Contact our practice to be seen by a board-certified dermatologist and treat your minor or severe acne symptoms.
Microneedling induces the production of collagen by puncturing the skin, causing trauma and repair at the same time. Microneedling can be done on the face to treat various skin concerns and conditions. It is popularly selected for acne, fine lines, aged looking skin, enlarged pores, stretch marks, sun spots and discoloration. It can also be used on the neck, for example, where unwanted lines are visible and predominant.
This procedure opts for cosmetic improvement and is able to effectively achieve optimal results on all skin types. There may be minor bleeding or bruising as a side effect. Recovery after microneedling does consist of visible redness and mild swelling, that should disappear within one week of treatment.
If you are interested to learning more of the benefits and uses of microneedling, come in to see a board-certified dermatologist to learn how the treatment is performed and what results can be seen.
Several types of scars can result from trauma, injury, a burn, acne, or a skin condition. For example, a burn injury can lead to a contracture scar. A keloid scar could result from from a cut, wound or other injury. A surgical scar, piercing or tattoo could also cause a keloid to form. When the skin is injured, thick tissue forms around it causing the scar to be larger than the injury.
Skin and Cancer Institute offers scar removal procedures including cortisone injections, silicone dioxide gel, cryotherapy liquid nitrogen, microdermabrasion, microneedling, facial peel and laser treatments.
We utilize lasers such as PDT photodynamic therapy, Fractional C02 laser, and a pulse dye laser called VBeam Perfecta.
If you are interested in having your scar removed efficiently, call us to schedule your consultation and see which treatment method is the best fit for your skin.
Have you ever wondered what Microdermabrasion does or if it is right for you? We answer those questions here!
What is Micodermabrasion?
Microdermabrasion is a gentle in-office procedure that softly removes the layer of dead skin cells that is found on most skin types, making skin smoother and softer. During Microdermabrasion, we spray tiny crystals onto the skin to polish targeted areas, making your skin feel clear and healthy! Luckily, there is no discomfort so numbing is not necessary!
What can Microdermabrasion treat?
Microdermabrasion can treat many skin concerns such as sun damage, acne, discoloration, wrinkles, fine lines, and congested pores. Microdermabrasion is great for most skin types and helps increase the collagen in your skin, helping to make your skin appear tight and smooth. You can see the results almost immediately after the procedure, and you can expect to have very little or no redness! Over the coming days, your skin’s look and feel will continue to renew, leaving you feeling amazing.
What do I need to do to prepare for a Microdermabrasion treatment?
Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical and minimally invasive treatment so there’s little preparation needed besides removing make-up and cleansing the skin. For the best results, we recommend getting Microdermabrasion treatments at least twice a month to keep your skin at its healthiest. There is little to no recovery period so you can return to normal life quickly, unlike other treatments which require a few days of healing time at home. With procedure times as low as 10 to 30 minutes, you can continue to improve your skin health over the course of a year.
How fast can I get Microdermabrasion done?
Microdermabrasion is great for those who are busy, have skin sensitivities to chemicals or makeup, are prone to acne, or showing early signs of aging. Its exfoliation and skin rejuvenation benefits will leave your skin looking softer and brighter. Book your appointment today to talk to one of our expert dermatology providers and see if Microdermabrasion is right for you!
How does the Morpheus8 Technology Work?
Morpheus8 uses radiofrequency energy in a microneedling device to remodel and contour the face and body by penetrating into the deeper layers of skin and fat. This procedure stimulates collagen production while enhancing skin tone, texture and smoothness. It is a highly popular procedure with advanced technology that requires no downtime.
A wand like device is applied over the skin to rejuvenate and refresh the skin’s texture on the face and body.
Which Areas Can Be Treated by the Morpheus8?
This microneedling radiofrequency laser can be applied to the upper and mid-face, thighs, legs, stomach and buttocks. The benefits include reduced acne scarring, minimizing stretch marks, facial fat and reversing years of aging. This revolutionary technique allows the skin to continue producing collagen for up to 3 months after the treatment is completed.
Contact Skin and Cancer Institute to schedule your consultation with our board-certified dermatologists and trained nurses to learn more about the Morpheus8 treatment.
Various skin growths can become worrisome or alarming at first glance. Routine skin examinations by experienced professionals, specifically skin care specialists like board-certified dermatologists and skin cancer surgeons should be consulted with. At Skin and Cancer Institute, we pride ourselves in having the most trained, knowledgeable and experienced staff, nurses, surgeons and dermatologists by your side.
Whether you are removing a lipoma for cosmetic reasons or removing a skin tag or cyst, Skin and Cancer Institute’s team can perform your treatment. You may be wondering what a lipoma is. A fatty lump that grows between the skin and muscle is a lipoma. During lipoma treatments, the ball of fat can be removed by surgery, steroid injection or liposuction. Depending on the size and location of the lipoma, earlier removal may be suggested and warranted. These fatty lumps look like balls and are not harmful or cancerous in general. However, because lipomas can grow rather rapidly, there is a risk of damage to the surrounding skin tissue. If a person waits too long to remove or treat the lipoma, a scar may remain. This can also occur if the lipoma is rather large in size. Lipomas can become bothersome in size and even cause pain.
Keloid scars can result from cuts, puncture wounds, serious acne, tattoos, piercings and more. When your skin sustains an injury, the body automatically tries to repairs the damaged cells. In doing so, a scar forms and scar tissue can continue to grow after the wound has healed. A keloid is the scar tissue that becomes raised on the skin after a skin injury. An individual dealing with scars of any sort may want it removed for either cosmetic reasons or medical concern.
How Dermatologists Remove Keloid Scars
To minimize a keloid scar, with maximum efficiency because there is a risk of recurrence, the practitioner dermatologist will try to soften and flatten the keloid and shrink it in size as well. This is accomplished by a variety of methods including the following:
- A corticosteroid injection can help reduce the size of the keloid.
- You can freeze the scar by cryotherapy, a procedure most effective on smaller keloids.
- Laser treatments can be utilized to make the keloid scar flatter.
- The dermatologic surgeon can surgically remove the scar by cutting and excising it. This procedure yields fast results. However, surgery may cause the keloid to reoccur by triggering trauma to the skin yet again.
If you or a loved one are struggling with a keloid scar, hypertrophic scar, contracture scar or acne scar, Skin and Cancer Institute’s team of professional surgeons and dermatologists are at your service and disposal.